AWG7000 Series

Arbitrary Waveform Generators
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Features & Benefits

  • Wideband RF/MW Modulation Bandwidth
    • Generates Complex Wideband Signals across a Frequency Range of up to 9.6 GHz
    • Generates Modulation Bandwidths of up to 5.3 GHz (–3 dB)
  • Waveform Sequencing and Subsequencing
    • Enables Creation of Infinite Waveform Loops, Jumps, and Conditional Branches
    • Enhance the Ability to Replicate Real-world Signal Behavior
  • Dynamic Jump Capability
    • Enables the Creation of Complex Waveforms that Respond to Changing External Environments
  • Vertical Resolution up to 10 bit Available
    • Generate Signals up to 1 GHz Modulation Bandwidths with 54 dBc SFDR
  • Deep Memory
    • Enables the Creation of Long Complex Waveform Sequences
  • Intuitive User Interface Shortens Test Time
  • Integrated PC supports Network Integration and provides a Built-in DVD, Removable Hard Drive, LAN, eSATA, and USB Ports
  • Playback of Oscilloscope and Real-time Spectrum Analyzer Captured Signals, including Enhancements such as Adding Predistortion Effects
  • Waveform Vectors Imported from Third-party Tools such as MathCAD, MATLAB, Excel, and Others

Applications

  • Wideband RF/MW for Communications and Defense Electronics
    • Wideband Direct RF/MW Output up to 9.6 GHz Carrier
  • High-speed Serial Communications
    • Up to 6 Gb/s Data Rate for Complex Serial Data Streams (4x Oversampling, Interleaved)
    • Provides any Profile Multilevel Signals to allow Timing (Jitter) Margin Testing without External Power Combiners
  • Mixed-signal Design and Test
    • 2-channel Analog plus 4-channel Marker Outputs
  • High-speed, Low-jitter Data/Pulse and Clock Source
  • Real-world, Ideal, or Distorted Signals – Generates Any Combination of Signal Impairments Simultaneously

Unparalleled Performance

The need for performance arbitrary waveform generation is broad and spans over a wide array of applications. The industry-leading AWG7000 Series arbitrary waveform generators (AWG) represent a cutting edge benchmark in performance, sample rate, signal fidelity, and timing resolution. The ability to create, generate, or replicate either ideal, distorted, or “real-life” signals is essential in the design and testing process. The AWG7000 Series of AWGs, with up to 24 GS/s and 10-bit vertical resolution, delivers the industry's best signal stimulus solution for ever-increasing measurement challenges. This allows for easy generation of very complex signals, including complete control over signal characteristics.

 

The capabilities of the AWG7000 Series are further enhanced by the addition of key features:

Equation Editor

The Equation Editor is an ASCII text editor that uses text strings to create waveforms by loading, editing, and compiling equation files. The editor provides control and flexibility to create more complex waveforms using customer-defined parameters.

Waveform Sequencing and Subsequencing

Real-time sequencing creates infinite waveform loops, jumps, and conditional branches for longer pattern-length generation suitable for replicating real-world behavior of serial transmitters.

Dynamic Jump

The Dynamic Jump capability enables the creation of complex waveforms by enabling the ability to dynamically jump to any predefined index in a waveform sequence. Users can define up to 256 distinct jump indexes that respond to changing external environments.

LXI Class C

Using the LXI Web Interface, you can connect to the AWG7000 Series through a standard web browser by simply entering the AWG's IP address in the address bar of the browser. The web interface enables viewing of instrument status and configuration, as well as status and modification of network settings. All web interaction conforms to the LXI Class C specification.

Wideband RF Signal Generation

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AWG radar pulses created with AWG7000 and RFXpress.

Creating RF signals is becoming more and more complex, making it more difficult for RF engineers to accurately create the signals required for conformance and margin testing. When combined with RFXpress, the AWG7000 Series can address these tough design challenges. RFXpress is a software package that digitally synthesizes modulated baseband, IF, and RF signals taking signal generation to new levels by fully exploiting the wideband signal generation capabilities of the AWG7000 Series arbitrary waveform generators (AWGs). Together the AWG7000 and RFXpress provide engineers with “bandwidth on demand”, which is the ability to generate wideband modulated signals up to 5.3 GHz (–3 dB) anywhere within the 9.6 GHz frequency range.

The latest digital RF technologies often exceed the capabilities of other test instruments because of the need to generate the wide-bandwidth and fast-changing signals that are increasingly seen in many RF applications such as radar, RF comms, OFDM, and UWB. When used in conjunction with RFXpress the AWG7000 Series supports a wide range of modulation formats and simplifies the task of creating complex RF waveforms. The AWG7000 Series instruments provide customers with ways to generate fully modulated baseband, intermediate frequency (IF) signals, or directly generated RF waveforms.

Radar Signal Creation

Generating advanced radar signals often demands exceptional performance from an AWG in terms of sample rate, analog bandwidth, and memory. The Tektronix AWG7000 Series sets a new industry standard for advanced radar signal generation, by delivering wide modulation bandwidths up to 5.3 GHz (–3 dB). With a sample rate of up to 24 GS/s the AWG7000 Series can directly generate RF signals never before possible from an AWG. In instances where IQ generation is desired, the AWG7000 offers the ability to oversample the signal, thereby improving signal quality.

The AWG7000 and RFXpress are the perfect solution for creating complex radar signals. Customers are provided with the ultimate flexibility in creating custom radar pulse suites. Modulation types such as LFM,Barker and Polyphase Codes, Step FM, and Nonlinear FM are easily created using the AWG, and the flexibility of RFXpress enables the creation of waveforms requiring customer-defined modulation types. The AWG and RFXpress combo also has the ability to generate pulse trains with staggered PRI to resolve range and doppler ambiguity, frequency hopping for Electronic Counter-Counter Measures (ECCM), and pulse-to-pulse amplitude variation to simulate Swerling target models including antenna scan patterns, clutter, and multipath effects.

Environment Signal Generation

Radar signals must coexist with other commercial standard signals sharing the same spectrum and are still expected to perform with no performance degradation. This isn't unreasonable given its mission-critical operations. To meet this expectation, a radar designer has to thoroughly test all the corner cases at the design/debug stage. The AWG7000 and RFXpress Environment plug-in offers extreme flexibility to define and create these worst-case scenarios.

You can specify up to 25 signals to define your environment, including WiMAX, WiFi, GSM, GSM-EDGE, EGPRS 2A, EGPRS2B, CDMA, W-CDMA, DVB-T, Noise, and CW Radar. This plug-in also allows you to seamlessly import signals from other RFXpress plug-ins (including Radar, Generic Signal, etc.), as well as from Matlab® and from Tektronix spectrum analyzers and oscilloscopes, into your environment. You can also configure PHY parameters of your standard-specific signals. You can define the carrier frequency, power, start time, and duration for all the signals in your environment, so you have full control over the way these signals interact/interfere with each other.

Generic OFDM Creation

In today's wireless world, OFDM is becoming the modulation method of choice for transmitting large amounts of digital data over short and medium distances. The need for wide bandwidths and multiple carriers create challenges for engineers who need to create OFDM signals to test their RF receivers. The AWG7000 Series, when coupled with RFXpress, allows users to configure every part of the OFDM signal definition. Engineers can build signals symbol-by-symbol to create a complete OFDM frame or let the RFXpress software choose default values for some signal aspects. The AWG/RFXpress combo supports a variety of data coding formats that include Reed Solomon, Convolution, and Scrambling. Users also have the ability to define each subcarrier in the symbol which can be configured independently for type, modulation, and base data. The RFXpress software gives visibility into all aspects of the OFDM signal by providing a symbol table that gives a summary of all the carriers in the selected symbol. OFDM packets/frames can be built by specifying the spacing between the symbols/frames and parts of the OFDM packets can be stressed by adding gated noise.

UWB-WiMedia (UWBCF/UWBCT)
Thumbnail

Direct WiMedia signals are easily created with the AWG7000 and RFXpress.

Ultra-Wideband (UWB) wireless is a growing technology that is designed for low-power, short-range wireless applications. UWB has emerged as the leading technology for applications like wireless Universal Serial Bus (USB). UWB radios, like generic OFDM radios, require wide signal bandwidths and multiple carriers, but UWB designs also require short-duration pulses and transmit Power Spectral Densities (PSDs) near the thermal noise floor which can make creating UWB test signals very difficult. Fortunately, the AWG7000 Series and RFXpress offer a solid solution for the generation of UWB test signals.

The AWG7000 and RFXpress have the capability to digitally synthesize and generate signals in the UWB spectrum. For either custom UWB signal or ones defined for the latest WiMedia specification, the AWG7000 solution can recreate signals that are required to band hop in real time over a 1.6 GHz modulation bandwidth. The RFXpress software gives users complete control over the characteristics of their UWB signals including the preamble synchronization sequences, cover sequences, and TFCs. For WiMedia applications all six band groups (BG1 to BG6) can be generated in either IQ, IF, or direct RF signals, giving users 3 different options for creating/up-converting the signals when using an AWG7000 instrument.

High-speed Serial Signal Generation

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Easily create digital data impairments with the AWG7000 and SerialXpress.

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Digital data with de-emphasis added using the AWG7000 and SerialXpress.

Serial signals are made up entirely of simple ones and zeros – binary data. Historically engineers have used data generators to create digital signals. As clock rates have increased these simple ones and zeros have begun to look more like analog waveforms because embedded in the digital data are analog events. The zero rise time and the perfectly flat tops of textbook digital signals no longer represent reality. Electronic environments have noise, jitter, crosstalk, distributed reactances, power supply variations, and other shortcomings. Each takes its toll on the signal. A real-world digital “square wave” rarely resembles its theoretical counterpart. Since the AWG7000 Series is an analog waveform source it is the perfect single-box solution that is used to create digital data streams and mimic the analog imperfections that occur in real-world environments. The AWG7000 Series uses direct synthesis techniques which allow engineers to create signals that embody the effects of propagation through a transmission line. Rise times, pulse shapes, delays, and aberrations can all be controlled with the AWG7000 Series instruments. When used in conjunction with the SerialXpress software package, engineers are provided control over every aspect of their digital signals reaching speeds of up to 6 Gb/s. This is exactly what is needed for rigorous receiver testing requirements.

SerialXpress is an integrated SW tool that enables AWG7000 Series instruments to create a variety of digital data impairments such as jitter (Random, Periodic, Sinusoidal), noise, pre/de-emphasis, duty cycle distortion, Inter-symbol Interference (ISI), Duty Cycle Distortion (DCD), and Spread Spectrum Clocking (SSC). The transmission environments of both board and cables can be emulated using touchstone files uploaded into SerialXpress. The AWG7000 and SerialXpress solution also provides base pattern waveforms for many of today's high-speed serial applications such as SATA, Display Port, SAS, PCI-E, USB, and Fibre Channel.

For high-speed serial applications the AWG7000 Series offers the industry's best solution for addressing challenging signal stimulus issues faced by digital designers who need to verify, characterize, and debug complex digital designs. The file-based architecture uses direct synthesis to create complex data streams and provides users with the simplicity, repeatability, and flexibility required to solve the toughest signal generation challenges in high-speed serial communication applications.

Performance You Can Count On

Depend on Tektronix to provide you with performance you can count on. In addition to industry-leading service and support, this product comes backed by a one-year warranty as standard.

 

Characteristics

Definitions

Specifications (not noted) – Product characteristics described in terms of specified performance with tolerance limits which are warranted/guaranteed to the customer. Specifications are checked in the manufacturing process and in the Performance Verification section of the product manual with a direct measurement of the parameter.

 

Typical (noted) – Product characteristics described in terms of typical performance, but not guaranteed performance. The values given are never warranted, but most units will perform to the level indicated. Typical characteristics are not tested in the manufacturing process or the Performance Verification section of the product manual.

 

Nominal (noted) – Product characteristics described in terms of being guaranteed by design. Nominal characteristics are non-warranted, so they are not checked in the manufacturing process or the Performance Verification section of the product manual.

AWG7122C Series Specifications

General Characteristics

Characteristic

Normal:

w/ Amplifier

2 Channel

Direct:

w/o Amplifier

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 02

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 06

2 Channel

Interleaved:

Option 06

1 Channel

Digital to Analog Converter

   Sample rate (nominal)

10 MS/s to 12 GS/s

12 GS/s to 24 GS/s

   Resolution (nominal)

10 bit (no markers selected) or 8 bit (markers selected)

Sin (x)/x Roll-off

   Sin (x)/x (–1 dB)

3.1 GHz

6.2 GHz

   Sin (x)/x (–3 dB)

5.3 GHz

10.6 GHz

Frequency Domain Characteristics

Characteristic

Normal:

w/ Amplifier

2 Channel

Direct:

w/o Amplifier

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 02

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 06

2 Channel

Interleaved:

Option 06

1 Channel

Output Frequency Characteristics

Effective Frequency Output

Fmaximum (specified) is determined as "sample rate / oversampling rate" or "SR / 2.5"

   Fmaximum

4.8 GHz

9.6 GHz

Effective Frequency Switching Time

Minimum frequency switching time from selected waveforms in sequence mode is determined as "1/Fmaximum"

   Standard

      Switching time (Ts)

106 μs

   Option 08 (fast frequency switching)

      Switching time (Ts)

208 ps

104 ps

Modulation Bandwidth

Modulation bandwidth is defined as the lower of the sin(x)/x bandwidth or the calculated percentage of rise time bandwidth (as shown)

   Mod bandwidth (–1 dB) (typical)

   –1 dB BW = 0.923 × (–1 dB TrBW)

Up to 400 MHz

Up to 1.8 GHz

Up to 3.1 GHz

Up to 3.3 GHz (Zero On)

Up to 3.1 GHz (Zero Off)

   Mod bandwidth (–3 dB) (typical)

   –3 dB BW = 0.913 × (–3 dB TrBW)

Up to 680 MHz

Up to 3.2 GHz

Up to 5.3 GHz

Up to 5.6 GHz (Zero On)

Up to 5.3 GHz (Zero Off)

Thumbnail

AWG7122C Frequency Response (typical).

Characteristic

Normal:

w/ Amplifier

2 Channel

Direct:

w/o Amplifier

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 02

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 06

2 Channel

Interleaved:

Option 06

1 Channel

Output Amplitude Characteristics

Amplitude

Amplitude levels are measured as single-ended outputs

Amplitude level will be 3 dBm higher when using differential (both) outputs

   Range (typical)

–22 dBm to 10 dBm

–22 dBm to 4 dBm

–2 dBm to 4 dBm

Zero On: –8 dBm to –2 dBm

Zero Off: –2 dBm to 4 dBm

   Resolution (typical)

0.01 dB

   Accuracy (typical)

At –2 dBm level, with no offset, ±0.3 dB

Output Flatness

Mathematically corrected for characteristic Sin (x)/x roll-off, uncorrected by external calibration methods

   Flatness (typical)

±1.0 dB, from 50 MHz to 4.8 GHz

±2.5 dB, from 50 MHz to 9.6 GHz

Output Match

   SWR (typical)

DC to 1.5 GHz, 1.2:1

1.5 to 4.8 GHz, 1.7:1

DC to 1.5 GHz, 1.2:1

1.5 to 4.8 GHz, 1.3:1

4.8 to 9.6 GHz, 1.5:1

Thumbnail

AWG7122C Standard/Wideband Flatness (typical).

Thumbnail

AWG7122C Interleave Flatness (typical).

Time Domain Characteristics

Characteristic

Normal:

w/ Amplifier

2 Channel

Direct:

w/o Amplifier

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 02

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 06

2 Channel

Interleaved:

Option 06

1 Channel

Data Rate Characteristics

Data Rate

Bit rate determined as "sample rate / 4 points per cycle", allowing full impairment generation

   Bit rate (nominal)

3 Gb/s

6 Gb/s

Rise/Fall Time Characteristics

Rise/Fall Time

Rise/Fall time measured at 20% to 80% levels, related by a factor of 0.75 to the industry standard of 10% to 90% levels

   Tr/Tf (typical)

350 ps

75 ps

35 ps

42 ps

Rise Time Bandwidth

Rise-time bandwidth converted from rise-time, assumed Gaussian transition, characteristics through analog output circuitry and cabling

   Tr bandwidth (–1 dB) (typical)

   –1 dB BW = 0.197/Tr

430 MHz

2.0 GHz

4.3 GHz

3.6 GHz

   Tr bandwidth (–3 dB) (typical)

   –3 dB BW = 0.339/Tr

750 MHz

3.5 GHz

7.5 GHz

6.2 GHz

   Low-pass filter

Bessel Type: 50 and 200 MHz

Output Amplitude Characteristics

Amplitude

Amplitude levels are measured between differential outputs (+) to (–)

For single-ended output the amplitude level will be one-half the voltage levels below

   Range (typical)

100 mVp-p to 4.0 Vp-p

100 mVp-p to 2.0 Vp-p

1.0 Vp-p to 2.0 Vp-p

Zero On: 500 mVp-p to 1.0 Vp-p

Zero Off: 1.0 Vp-p to 2.0 Vp-p

   Resolution (typical)

1.0 mV

   Accuracy (typical)

At 0.5 V, with no offset, ±(3% of amplitude ±2 mV)

Zero On: ±(8% of level ±2 mV)

Zero Off: ±(4% of level ±2 mV)

Offset

   Range (typical)

±0.5 V

   Resolution (typical)

1.0 mV

   Accuracy (typical)

At minimum amplitude, ±(2.0% of offset ±10 mV)

Common Characteristics

Characteristic

Normal:

w/ Amplifier

2 Channel

Direct:

w/o Amplifier

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 02

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 06

2 Channel

Interleaved:

Option 06

1 Channel

Output Distortion Characteristics

Spurious Free Dynamic Range (SFDR)

SFDR is determined as a function of the directly generated carrier frequency. Harmonics not included

   SFDR (typical)

Clock: 12 GS/s, 10-bit operation

Frequency: 50 MHz to 4.8 GHz

Level: 4 dBm (1 Vp-p)

Offset: None

Clock: 24 GS/s, 10-bit operation

Frequency: 50 MHz to 9.6 GHz

Level: –2 dBm (0.5 Vp-p)

      DC to 1.0 GHz carrier

–54 dBc

      1.0 to 2.4 GHz carrier

–46 dBc

      2.4 to 3.5 GHz carrier

–38 dBc

      3.5 to 4.8 GHz carrier

–30 dBc

      4.8 to 9.6 GHz carrier

–26 dBc

Spurious Free Dynamic Range (SFDR)

When viewed as a modulation bandwidth and used with external frequency up-conversion, the specifications will hold and be independent of carrier frequency with proper conversion circuitry design. Harmonics not included

   SFDR (typical)

Clock: 12 GS/s, 10-bit operation

Modulation Bandwidth: Up to 2.5 GHz

Level: 4 dBm (1 Vp-p)

Offset: None

Clock: 24 GS/s, 10-bit operation

Modulation Bandwidth: Up to 3.5 GHz

Level: –2 dBm (0.5 Vp-p)

      DC to 1.0 GHz bandwidth (–1 dB)

–54 dBc

      DC to 2.4 GHz bandwidth (–1 dB)

–46 dBc

      DC to 3.5 GHz bandwidth (–1 dB)

–38 dBc

Characteristic

Normal:

w/ Amplifier

2 Channel

Direct:

w/o Amplifier

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 02

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 06

2 Channel

Interleaved:

Option 06

1 Channel

Harmonic Distortion

Clock: 12 GS/s, 10-bit operation

32-point waveform

375 MHz output

Amplitude: 4 dBm (1 Vp-p)

Offset: None

Clock: 24 GS/s, 10-bit operation

32-point waveform

750 MHz output

Amplitude: –2 dBm (0.5 Vp-p)

   Harmonics (typical)

< –35 dBc

< –42 dBc

< –40 dBc

Nonharmonic Distortion

Clock: 12 GS/s, 10-bit operation

32-point waveform

375 MHz output

Amplitude: 4 dBm (1 Vp-p)

Offset: None

Clock: 24 GS/s, 10-bit operation

32-point waveform

750 MHz output

Amplitude: –2 dBm (0.5 Vp-p)

   Spurious (typical)

< –50 dBc

< –45 dBc

Phase Noise Distortion

Clock: 12 GS/s, 10-bit operation

32-point waveform

375 MHz output

Amplitude: 4 dBm (1 Vp-p) at 0 offset

Clock: 24 GS/s, 10-bit operation

32-point waveform

750 MHz output

Amplitude: –2 dBm (0.5 Vp-p) at 0 offset

   Phase Noise (typical)

< –90 dBc/Hz at 10 kHz offset

< –85 dBc/Hz at 10 kHz offset

Thumbnail

AWG7122C Standard/Wideband Phase Noise (typical).

Thumbnail

AWG7122C Interleave Phase Noise (typical).

Characteristic

Normal:

w/ Amplifier

2 Channel

Direct:

w/o Amplifier

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 02

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 06

2 Channel

Interleaved:

Option 06

1 Channel

Jitter

   Random jitter (typical)

1010 clock pattern

      RMS value

1.6 ps

0.9 ps

   Total jitter (typical)

215 – 1 data pattern (at 10–12 BER)

      P-P value

50 ps at 0.5 Gb/s

30 ps at 3 Gb/s

20 ps from 2 to 6 Gb/s

Output Pulse Characteristics

Pulse Response

   Tr/Tf (typical)

350 ps

75 ps

35 ps

42 ps

   Timing skew (typical)

<20 ps (between each channel) (+) Pos and (–) Neg outputs

<12 ps (between each channel) (+) Pos and (–) Neg outputs

   Delay from marker output (typical)

50 MHz: 10.15 ns ±0.15 ns

200 MHz: 4.05 ns ±0.05 ns

25 ns ±0.05 ns

0.58 ns ±0.05 ns

0.85 ns ±0.05 ns

   Interleave skew adjustment (typical)

Skew adjust: ±180 degree against sample rate (e.g. 24 GS/s: 83 ps = 360 degrees with 0.1 degree resolution)

   Interleave level adjustment (typical)

Level adjust: 1 mV resolution

Definitions

Specifications (not noted) – Product characteristics described in terms of specified performance with tolerance limits which are warranted/guaranteed to the customer. Specifications are checked in the manufacturing process and in the Performance Verification section of the product manual with a direct measurement of the parameter.

 

Typical (noted) – Product characteristics described in terms of typical performance, but not guaranteed performance. The values given are never warranted, but most units will perform to the level indicated. Typical characteristics are not tested in the manufacturing process or the Performance Verification section of the product manual.

 

Nominal (noted) – Product characteristics described in terms of being guaranteed by design. Nominal characteristics are non-warranted, so they are not checked in the manufacturing process or the Performance Verification section of the product manual.

AWG7082C Series Specifications

General Characteristics

Characteristic

Normal:

w/ Amplifier

2 Channel

Direct:

w/o Amplifier

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 02

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 06

2 Channel

Interleaved:

Option 06

1 Channel

Digital to Analog Converter

   Sample rate (nominal)

10 MS/s to 8 GS/s

8 GS/s to 16 GS/s

   Resolution (nominal)

10 bit (no markers selected) or 8 bit (markers selected)

Sin (x)/x Roll-off

   Sin (x)/x (–1 dB)

2.1 GHz

4.2 GHz

   Sin (x)/x (–3 dB)

3.5 GHz

7.0 GHz

Frequency Domain Characteristics

Characteristic

Normal:

w/ Amplifier

2 Channel

Direct:

w/o Amplifier

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 02

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 06

2 Channel

Interleaved:

Option 06

1 Channel

Output Frequency Characteristics

Effective Frequency Output

Fmaximum (specified) is determined as "sample rate / oversampling rate" or "SR / 2.5"

   Fmaximum

3.2 GHz

6.4 GHz

Effective Frequency Switching Time

Minimum frequency switching time from selected waveforms in sequence mode is determined as "1/Fmaximum"

   Standard

      Switching time (Ts)

160 μs

   Option 08 (fast frequency switching)

      Switching time (Ts)

313 ps

156 ps

Modulation Bandwidth

Modulation bandwidth is defined as the lower of the sin(x)/x bandwidth or the calculated percentage of rise time bandwidth (as shown)

   Mod bandwidth (–1 dB) (typical)

   –1 dB BW = 0.923 × (–1 dB TrBW)

Up to 400 MHz

Up to 1.8 GHz

Up to 2.1 GHz

Up to 3.3 GHz (Zero On)

Up to 3.1 GHz (Zero Off)

   Mod bandwidth (–3 dB) (typical)

   –3 dB BW = 0.913 × (–3 db TrBW)

Up to 680 MHz

Up to 3.2 GHz

Up to 3.5 GHz

Up to 5.6 GHz (Zero On)

Up to 5.3 GHz (Zero Off)

Thumbnail

AWG7082C Frequency Response (typical).

Characteristic

Normal:

w/ Amplifier

2 Channel

Direct:

w/o Amplifier

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 02

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 06

2 Channel

Interleaved:

Option 06

1 Channel

Output Amplitude Characteristics

Amplitude

Amplitude levels are measured as single-ended outputs

Amplitude level will be 3 dBm higher when using differential (both) outputs

   Range (typical)

–22 dBm to 10 dBm

–22 dBm to 4 dBm

–2 dBm to 4 dBm

Zero On: –8 dBm to –2 dBm

Zero Off: –2 dBm to 4 dBm

   Resolution (typical)

0.01 dB

   Accuracy (typical)

At –2 dBm level, with no offset, ±0.3 dB

Output Flatness

Mathematically corrected for characteristic Sin (x)/x roll-off, uncorrected by external calibration methods

   Flatness (typical)

±1.0 dB, from 50 MHz to 3.2 GHz

±2.5 dB, from 50 MHz to 6.4 GHz

Output Match SWR (typical)

DC to 1.5 GHz, 1.2:1

1.5 to 3.2 GHz, 1.7:1

DC to 1.5 GHz, 1.2:1

1.5 to 4.8 GHz, 1.3:1

4.8 to 6.4 GHz, 1.5:1

Thumbnail

AWG7082C Standard/Wideband Flatness (typical).

Thumbnail

AWG7082C Interleave Flatness (typical).

Time Domain Characteristics

Characteristic

Normal:

w/ Amplifier

2 Channel

Direct:

w/o Amplifier

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 02

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 06

2 Channel

Interleaved:

Option 06

1 Channel

Data Rate Characteristics

Data Rate

Bit rate determined as "sample rate / 4 points per cycle", allowing full impairment generation

   Bit rate (nominal)

2 Gb/s

4 Gb/s

Rise/Fall Time Characteristics

Rise/Fall Time

Rise/Fall time measured at 20% to 80% levels, related by a factor of 0.75 to the industry standard of 10% to 90% levels

   Tr/Tf (typical)

350 ps

75 ps

35 ps

42 ps

Rise-time Bandwidth

Rise-time bandwidth converted from rise-time, assumed Gaussian transition, characteristics through analog output circuitry and cabling

   Tr bandwidth (–1 dB) (typical)

   –1 dB BW = 0.197/Tr

430 MHz

2.0 GHz

4.3 GHz

3.6 GHz

   Tr bandwidth (–3 dB) (typical)

   –3 dB BW = 0.339/Tr

750 MHz

3.5 GHz

7.5 GHz

6.2 GHz

   Low-pass filter

Bessel Type: 50 and 200 MHz

Output Amplitude Characteristics

Amplitude

Amplitude levels are measured between differential outputs (+) to (–)

Single-ended output amplitude level will be one-half the voltage levels below

   Range (typical)

100 mVp-p to 4.0 Vp-p

100 mVp-p to 2.0 Vp-p

1.0 Vp-p to 2.0 Vp-p

Zero On: 500 mVp-p to 1.0 Vp-p

Zero Off: 1.0 Vp-p to 2.0 Vp-p

   Resolution (typical)

1.0 mV

   Accuracy (typical)

At 0.5 V, with no offset, ±(3% of amplitude ±2 mV)

Zero On: ±(8% of level ±2 mV)

Zero Off: ±(4% of level ±2 mV)

Offset

   Range (typical)

±0.5 V

   Resolution (typical)

1.0 mV

   Accuracy (typical)

At minimum amplitude, ±(2.0% of offset ±10 mV)

Common Characteristics

Characteristic

Normal:

w/ Amplifier

2 Channel

Direct:

w/o Amplifier

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 02

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 06

2 Channel

Interleaved:

Option 06

1 Channel

Output Distortion Characteristics

Spurious Free Dynamic Range (SFDR)

SFDR is determined as a function of the directly generated carrier frequency. Harmonics not included

   SFDR (typical)

Clock: 12 GS/s, 10-bit operation

Frequency: 50 MHz to 3.2 GHz

Level: 4 dBm (1 Vp-p)

Offset: None

Clock: 24 GS/s, 10-bit operation

Frequency: 50 MHz to 6.4 GHz

Level: –2 dBm (0.5 Vp-p)

      DC to 1.0 GHz carrier

–54 dBc

      1.0 to 2.4 GHz carrier

–46 dBc

      2.4 to 3.5 GHz carrier

–40 dBc

      3.5 to 4.8 GHz carrier

–32 dBc

      4.8 to 6.4 GHz carrier

–28 dBc

Spurious Free Dynamic Range (SFDR)

When viewed as a modulation bandwidth and used with external frequency up-conversion, the specifications will hold and be independent of carrier frequency with proper conversion circuitry design. Harmonics not included

   SFDR (typical)

Clock: 8 GS/s, 10-bit operation

Modulation Bandwidth: Up to 1.9 GHz

Level: 4 dBm (1 Vp-p)

Offset: None

Clock: 16 GS/s, 10-bit operation

Modulation Bandwidth: Up to 3.0 GHz

Level: –2 dBm (0.5 Vp-p)

      DC to 1.0 GHz bandwidth (–1 dB)

–54 dBc

      DC to 2.4 GHz bandwidth (–1 dB)

–46 dBc

      DC to 3.5 GHz bandwidth (–1 dB)

–38 dBc

Characteristic

Normal:

w/ Amplifier

2 Channel

Direct:

w/o Amplifier

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 02

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 06

2 Channel

Interleaved:

Option 06

1 Channel

Harmonic Distortion

Clock: 8 GS/s, 10-bit operation

32-point waveform

250 MHz output

Amplitude: 4 dBm (1 Vp-p)

Offset: None

Clock: 16 GS/s, 10-bit operation

32-point waveform

500 MHz output

Amplitude: –2 dBm (0.5 Vp-p)

   Harmonics (typical)

< –35 dBc

< –42 dBc

< –40 dBc

Nonharmonic Distortion

Clock: 8 GS/s, 10-bit operation

32-point waveform

250 MHz output

Amplitude: 4 dBm (1 Vp-p)

Offset: None

Clock: 16 GS/s, 10-bit operation

32-point waveform

500 MHz output

Amplitude: –2 dBm (0.5 Vp-p)

   Spurious (typical)

< –50 dBc

< –45 dBc

Phase Noise Distortion

Clock: 8 GS/s, 10-bit operation

32-point waveform

250 MHz output

Amplitude: 4 dBm (1 Vp-p) at 0 offset

Clock: 16 GS/s, 10-bit operation

32-point waveform

500 MHz output

Amplitude: –2 dBm (0.5 Vp-p) at 0 offset

   Phase Noise (typical)

< –90 dBc/Hz at 10 kHz offset

< –85 dBc/Hz at 10 kHz offset

Thumbnail

AWG7082C Standard/Wideband Phase Noise (typical).

Thumbnail

AWG7082C Interleave Phase Noise (typical).

Characteristic

Normal:

w/ Amplifier

2 Channel

Direct:

w/o Amplifier

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 02

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 06

2 Channel

Interleaved:

Option 06

1 Channel

Jitter

   Random jitter (typical)

1010 clock pattern

      RMS value

1.6 ps

0.9 ps

   Total jitter (typical)

215 – 1 data pattern (at 10–12 BER)

      P-P value

50 ps at 0.5 Gb/s

30 ps at 2 Gb/s

20 ps from 2 to 4 Gb/s

Output Pulse Characteristics

Pulse Response

   Tr/Tf (typical)

350 ps

75 ps

35 ps

42 ps

   Timing skew (typical)

<20 ps (between each channel) (+) Pos and (–) Neg outputs

<12 ps (between each channel) (+) Pos and (–) Neg outputs

   Delay from marker output (typical)

50 MHz: 10.15 ns ±0.15 ns

200 MHz: 4.05 ns ±0.05 ns

2.25 ns ±0.05 ns

0.58 ns ±0.05 ns

0.85 ns ±0.05 ns

   Interleave skew adjustment (typical)

Skew adjust: ±180 degree against sample rate (e.g. 24 GS/s: 83 ps = 360 degrees with 0.1 degree resolution)

   Interleave level adjustment (typical)

Level adjust: 1 mV resolution

AWG7000C Series Common Features

Common Hardware Characteristics

Characteristic

Normal:

w/ Amplifier

2 Channel

Direct:

w/o Amplifier

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 02

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 06

2 Channel

Interleaved:

Option 06

1 Channel

Number of Outputs

2 channels, non-interleave

1 channel, interleave

   Output connector

Differential, SMA (front panel)

   Output impedance (nominal)

50 Ω

Waveform Length

Standard – to 32M points

Extended memory – to 64M points

Standard – to 64M points

Extended memory – to 128M points

Number of Waveforms

1 to 16,200

Sequence Length/Counter

1 to 16,000 steps, 1 to 65,536 count

Run Modes

   Continuous

Waveform is iteratively output. If a sequence is defined, the sequence order and repeat functions are applied

   Triggered

Waveform is output only once when an internal, external, programmatic (GPIB, LAN), or manual trigger is received

   Gated

Waveform begins output when gate is "True" and resets when gate is "False"

   Sequence

Waveform is output as defined by the sequence selected

   Jump

Synchronous and asynchronous

Sampling Clock

   Resolution

8 digits

   Accuracy

Within ±(1 ppm + Aging), Aging: Within ±1 ppm per year

Internal Trigger Generator

   Range

1.0 μs to 10.0 s

   Resolution

3 digits, 0.1 μs minimum

Output Skew Control

   Range

–100 to 100 ps

   Resolution

1 ps

   Accuracy

±(10% of setting + 10 ps)

Common Software Characteristics

Characteristic

Normal:

w/ Amplifier

2 Channel

Direct:

w/o Amplifier

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 02

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 06

2 Channel

Interleaved:

Option 06

1 Channel

Operating System / Peripherals / IO

Windows 7

4 GB memory

300 GB Solid State Drive (std) / 1 TB Mechanical Hard Disk Drive (opt) (rear-panel removable, optional front mount kit)

CD/DVD drive (front panel)

Included USB compact keyboard and mouse

USB 2.0 compliant ports (6 total – 2 front, 4 rear)

PS/2 mouse and keyboard connections (rear panel)

RJ-45 Ethernet connector (rear panel) supports 10/100/1000BASE-T

DVI-I Video (rear panel) for external monitor

eSATA (rear panel)

Display Characteristics

LED backlit monitor with touch screen, 10.4 in. (264 mm) 1024 × 768 (V) XGA

Waveform File Import Capability

Import waveform format by series:

*.AWG file created by Tektronix AWG5000 or AWG7000 Series

*.PAT, *.SEQ, *.WFM and *.EQU file formats created by Tektronix arbitrary waveform generators such as the AWG400/500/600/700 Series

*.IQT and *.TIQ files from Tektronix real-time spectrum analyzer

*.TFW file created by Tektronix AFG3000 Series arbitrary/function generators

*.DTG file created by Tektronix DTG5000 Series data timing generators

*.WFM or *.ISF file created by Tektronix TDS/DPO Series oscilloscopes text file (*.TXT)

Waveform File Export Capability

Export waveform format by series:

Tektronix AWG400/500/600/700 (*.wfm or *.pat) and text format

Software Driver for Third-party Applications

IVI-COM driver, MATLAB library

Instrument Control / Data Transfer

   GPIB

Remote control and data transfer (conforms to IEEE-Std 488.1, compatible with IEEE-Std 488.2 and SCPI-1999.0)

   Ethernet

Remote control and data transfer (conforms to IEEE-Std 802.3)

   TekLink

Remote control and data transfer (proprietary bus for Tektronix product high-speed interconnection and communication)

LAN eXtensions for Instrumentation (LXI)

Class LXI Class C

Version 1.3

Auxiliary Outputs

Characteristic

Normal:

w/ Amplifier

2 Channel

Direct:

w/o Amplifier

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 02

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 06

2 Channel

Interleaved:

Option 06

1 Channel

Markers

   Number

Total: 4 (2 per channel)

Total: 2 (2 per channel)

   Style

Differential

   Connector

SMA (front panel)

   Impedance

50 Ω

   Level (into 50 Ω)

Amplitude levels are measured between differential outputs (+) to (–)

Single-ended output amplitude level will be one-half the voltage levels below

      Window

–2.8 V to 2.8 V

      Amplitude

1.0 Vp-p to 2.8 Vp-p

      Resolution

10 mV

      Accuracy

±(10% of setting + 75 mV)

      Rise/Fall time (20% to 80%)

45 ps (1.0 Vp-p, Hi: 1.0 V, Lo: 0.0 V)

   Timing skew

      Intra-skew (typical)

<13 ps (between each channel (+) Pos and (–) Neg output)

      In-channel (typical)

<30 ps (between Marker 1 and Marker 2 outputs)

   Delay control

      Range

0 to 300 ps

      Resolution

1 ps

      Accuracy

±(5% of setting + 50 ps)

   Jitter

      Random RMS (typical)

1 ps

      Total p-p (typical)

30 ps (215 – 1 PN pattern at 10–12 BER)

10 MHz Reference Out

   Amplitude

1.2 Vp-p into 50 Ω, maximum 2.5 V open

   Connector

BNC (rear panel)

   Impedance

50 Ω, AC coupled

Synchronization Clock Output

   Frequency

1/64 of the sample clock frequency

   Amplitude

1.0 Vp-p into 50 Ω

DC Outputs

   Number

4, independently controlled

   Range

–3.0 to 5.0 V

   Resolution

10 mV

   Accuracy

±(3% of setting + 120 mV)

   Connector

2×4 pin header (front panel)

   Current (max)

±30 mA

Auxiliary Inputs

Characteristic

Normal:

w/ Amplifier

2 Channel

Direct:

w/o Amplifier

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 02

2 Channel

Wideband:

Option 06

2 Channel

Interleaved:

Option 06

1 Channel

Trigger / Gate In

   Polarity

Pos or Neg

   Range

50 Ω: ±5 V, 1 kΩ: ±10 V

   Connector

BNC (front panel)

   Impedance

50 Ω, 1 kΩ

   Threshold

      Level

–5.0 V to 5.0 V

      Resolution

0.1 V

   Trigger to output uncertainty

      Asynchronous (typical)

Between internal/external clock and trigger timing: 0.5 ns at 12 GS/s, 0.7 ns at 10 GS/s, 0.8 ns at 9 GS/s, 0.9 ns at 8 GS/s, 1.0 ns at 6 GS/s

      Synchronous (typical)

Between external clock and trigger timing: 12 GS/s, X1 clock divider, synchronous trigger mode with specific timing (120 psp-p, 30 psRMS)

      Synchronous (typical)

Between external 10 MHz reference and trigger timing: 12 GS/s setting, synchronous trigger mode with specific timing (120 psp-p, 30 psRMS)

      Synchronous (typical)

Between external variable reference and trigger timing: 2n (n: integer) clock reference, synchronous trigger and specific timing (50 psp-p, 10 psRMS)

   Trigger mode

      Minimum pulse width

20 ns

      Trigger hold-off

832 × sampling period – 100 ns

      Delay to output

128 × sampling period + 250 ns

   Gated mode

      Minimum pulse width

1024 × sampling period + 10 ns

      Delay to output

640 × sampling period + 260 ns

Dynamic Jump

   Connector

15-pin DSUB on rear panel

   Level

TTL +5 V compliant inputs, 3.3 V LV CMOS level

   Impedance

Pull up to 3.3 V by 1 kΩ resistor

   Strobe

Must strobe jump destination

Event In

   Polarity

Pos or Neg

   Range

50 Ω: ±5 V, 1 kΩ: ±10 V

   Connector

BNC (front panel)

   Impedance

50 Ω, 1 kΩ

   Threshold

      Level

–5.0 to 5.0 V

      Resolution

0.1 V

   Sequence mode

      Minimum pulse width

20 ns

      Event hold-off

900 × sampling period + 150 ns

      Delay to output

1024 × sampling period + 280 ns (Jump timing: asynchronous jump)

External Clock In

   Input voltage range

1.4 Vp-p to 2.2 Vp-p, 7 dBm to 11 dBm

   Frequency range

6 GHz to 12 GHz (acceptable frequency drift of ±0.1%)

   Clock divider

1/1, 1/2, 1/4...1/256

   Connector

SMA (rear panel)

   Impedance

50 Ω, AC coupled

Fixed Reference Clock In

   Input voltage range

0.2 Vp-p to 3.0 Vp-p

   Frequency range

10 MHz, 20 MHz, 100 MHz (within ±0.1%)

   Connector

BNC (rear panel)

   Impedance

50 Ω, AC coupled

Variable Reference Clock In

   Input voltage range

0.2 Vp-p to 3.0 Vp-p

   Frequency range

5 MHz to 800 MHz (acceptable frequency drift is ±0.1%)

   Multiplier rate

1 to 2400

2 to 4800

   Connector

BNC (rear panel)

   Impedance

50 Ω, AC coupled

Physical Characteristics

Dimension

mm

in.

Height

245

9.6

Width

465

18.0

Depth

500

19.7

Weight

kg

lb.

Net (instrument)

19

41.9

Net (with packaging)

28

61.7

Mechanical Cooling

Clearance

cm

in.

Top/Bottom

2

0.8

Side

15

6

Rear

7.5

3

Power Supply

Rating

100 to 240 V AC, 47 to 63 Hz

Consumption

450 Watts

Environmental Characteristics

Characteristic

Description

Temperature

   Operational

10 to 40 °C

   Nonoperational

20 to 60 °C

Humidity

   Operational

5% to 80% relative humidity (% RH) at up to 30 °C, 5% to 45% relative humidity above 30 °C up to 50 °C

   Nonoperational

5% to 90% relative humidity (% RH) at up to 30 °C, 5% to 45% relative humidity above 30 °C up to 50 °C

Altitude

   Operational

Up to 10,000 ft. (3,048 m)

   Nonoperational

Up to 40,000 ft. (12,192 m)

Vibration

   Sine

      Operational

0.33 mm p-p (0.013 in p-p) constant displacement, 5 to 55 Hz

      Nonoperational

NA

   Random

      Operational

0.27 g RMS, 5 to 500 Hz, 10 minutes per axis

      Nonoperational

2.28 g RMS, 5 to 500 Hz, 10 minutes per axis

Mechanical Shock

   Operational

Half-sine mechanical shocks, 30 g peak, 11 ms duration, 3 drops in each direction of each axis

   Nonoperational

Half-sine mechanical shocks, 10 g peak, 11 ms duration, 3 drops in each direction of each axis

Regulatory

   Safety

UL61010-1, CAN/CSA-22.2, No.61010-1-04, EN61010-1, IEC61010-1

   Emissions

EN55011 (Class A), IEC61000-3-2, IEC61000-3-3

   Immunity

IEC61326, IEC61000-4-2/3/4/5/6/8/11

   Regional certifications

      Europe

EN61326

      Australia / New Zealand

AS/NZS 2064

 

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